"ICEV" redirects here.
For the form of water ice, see Ice V.For the high speed train, see ICE V. Diagram of a cylinder as found in 4-stroke gasoline engines.: C ? crankshaft. E ? exhaust camshaft. I ? inlet camshaft. P ? piston. R ? connecting rod. S ? spark plug. V ? valves.
red: exhaust, blue: intake. W ? cooling water jacket. gray structure ? engine block. Diagram describing the ideal combustion cycle by Carnot An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.In an internal combustion engine the expansion of the high-temperature and high-pressure gases produced by combustion apply direct force to some component of the engine. The force is applied typically to pistons, turbine blades, rotor or a nozzle.
This force moves the component over a distance, transforming chemical energy into useful mechanical energy. The first commercially successful internal combustion engine was created by Étienne Lenoir around 18591 and the first modern internal combustion engine was created in 1876 by Nikolaus Otto (see Otto engine). The term internal combustion engine usually refers to an engine in which combustion is intermittent, such as the more familiar four-stroke and two-stroke piston engines, along with variants, such as the six-stroke piston engine and the Wankel rotary engine.A second class of internal combustion engines use continuous combustion: gas turbines, jet engines and most rocket engines, each of which are internal combustion engines on the same principle as previously described.12 Firearms are also a form of internal combustion engine.2 Internal combustion engines are quite different from external combustion engines, such as steam or Stirling engines, in which the energy is delivered to a working fluid not consisting of, mixed with, or contaminated by combustion products.
While there are many stationary applications, most ICEs are used in mobile applications and are the dominant power supply for vehicles such as cars, aircraft, and boats. Typically an ICE is fed with fossil fuels like natural gas or petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel or fuel oil.
In 2-stroke crankcase scavenged engines, the interior of the crankcase, and therefore the crankshaft, connecting rod and bottom of the pistons are sprayed by the 2-stroke oil in the air-fuel-oil mixture which is then burned along with the fuel.The valve train may be contained in a compartment flooded with lubricant so that no oil pump is required. In a splash lubrication system no oil pump is used.
When there is a different oil reservoir the crankcase still catches it, but it is continuously drained by a dedicated pump; this is called a dry sump system.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_combustion_engine
First of all, take a look at the information on the basic elements of the construction of the car.
More than one part of the car is completely black magic to people not connected in any way with the automotive industry.
Some knowledge in this area is necessary, for example when driving course, but a lot of people quickly forget obtained message.It is worth it to remember, especially because it's easier, we can use the machine as we know it..