Tatra National Park (Polish: Tatrzański Park Narodowy; abbr.
TPN) is a National Park located in the Tatra Mountains in Tatra County, in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship?Małopolska region, in central-southern Poland bordering on northern Slovakia.1 The Park has its headquarters in the town of Zakopane.
There is a similar national park in the adjoining part of Slovakia, also called the Tatra National Park Tatranský národný park. The area of the Tatra mountains was exploited by human activities in the past.During summer numerous herds of animals (such as goats, sheep, and cows) pastured on the meadows and these practices caused erosion processes. In the 18th and 19th centuries several mines and ironworks were built here, industries that used substantial harvests of local timber. Current environmental threats include: the proximity of the fast-developing town of Zakopane; and air pollution from the industrial zones in Kraków, Ostrava, and Orava. Fauna is threatened by poachers and habitat loss. The high number of tourists is the largest threat to Park?s ecosystem currently.
Białowieża National Park (Polish: Białowieski Park Narodowy) is a National Park in Podlaskie Voivodeship, in Eastern Poland adjacent with the border with Belarus.The total area of the park is 152.2 square kilometres (58.8 sq mi). It is located 62 km (39 mi) southeast of Białystok (Poland). It is known for the protection of the best preserved part of the Białowieża Forest, Europe's last temperate primaeval forest fragment that once stretched across the European Plain. It is home to the world's largest population of European bison (Polish: żubr), the continent's heaviest land animals.2 The border between the two countries runs through the forest, the Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is adjacent on the Belarus side of the border.